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VHP-FEMALE v.2.2/3.0/3.1/5.0 CAD MODEL

Created using the open-source high-resolution cryosection image dataset from the Visible Human Project® (VHP) Female of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. This anatomical CAD model has up to 270 parts, 45 individual muscles, three body shells, a continuous CSF shell, improved resolution in the cranium, major peripheral nerves, and a full co-registration/validation map. Every part is available for 3D printing

FDA MDDT Qualification Submission (03/27/2016)

Medical Device Development Tool (MDDT - MDDT Type: Non-clinical assessment model) qualification submission has been accepted by the FDA (Center for Devices and Radiological Health)  and is currently under evaluation. To date, this submission covers the following FEM models:

VHP-Female version 3.0 SMOOTHED DOI:10.20298/VHP-Female-V.3.0-SMOOTH

VHP-Female version 3.0 BASE DOI:10.20298/VHP-Female-V.3.0-BASE

VHP-Female version 2.2 COLLEGE DOI: 10.20298/VHP-Female-V.2.2

Example: Local SAR distribution for a coil loaded with the VHP-Female v. 3.0 model at 1 W input power in the coronal plane at 63.87 MHz. a) – Landmark of model inside the birdcage; b) – solution with one adaptive pass; c) – solution with eight adaptive passes

Selected References
[1].  S. N. Makarov, G. M. Noetscher, J. Yanamadala, M. W. Piazza, S. Louie, A. Prokop, A. Nazarian, and A. Nummenmaa, “Virtual Human Models for Electromagnetic Studies and Their Applications,” IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, DOI 10.1109/RBME.2017.2722420, epub ahead of print, June 2017, pp. 1-27. PMID: 28682265. Online:

[2]. H.V. Tankaria, X.J. Jackson, R. Borwankar, G.N.K. Srichandhru, A.L. Tran, J. Yanamadala, G.M. Noetscher, A. Nazarian, S. Louie, and S.N. Makarov, “VHP-Female Full-Body Human CAD Model for Cross-Platform FEM Simulations – Recent Development and Validations,” 38th Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2016), Orlando, FL,  Aug. 16-20 2016, pp. 2232-2235. PMID:28268773, DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591173 Online:

[3]. J. Yanamadala, G.M. Noetscher, S. Louie, A. Prokop, M. Kozlov, A. Nazarian, and S. N. Makarov, “Multi-Purpose VHP-Female Version 3.0 Cross-Platform Computational Human Model,” 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation 2016 (EuCAP16), Davos, Switzerland, April 10-15 2016. DOI: 10.1109/EuCAP.2016.7481298. Onl.:

Model Availability

Model is available for commercial use

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